Treatments For Arthritis

Treatment for arthritis by Perfect Health Magazine

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Treatments For Arthritis

  • Arthritis is one of the most common joint disorders found in patients globally. 
  • There are more than 200 types of arthritis such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis etc. 
  • Arthritis is diagnosed through a physical examination followed up by X-ray scans, bone density tests, MRI and ultrasound as prescribed by the treating physician. 
  • Treatments for arthritis include NSAIDs, Corticosteroid drugs, DMARDs, Physical therapy and surgery. 
  • Alternative treatments including Yoga and Ayurveda work wonders on Arthritis.

Treatments For Arthritis - Introduction & Overview:

Arthritis is a joint disorder characterized by pain and stiffness, joint injury, or joint inflammation inside one or even more joints, along with edema, discomfort, and a burning sensation. 

There are almost 200 different forms of arthritis, and they all impact joints, adjacent tissues, and other tissue. Wear and tear is another name for arthritis, which is a chronic ailment. Common types of arthritis include Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis and gout.

The 2022 Arthritis Guide – Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Diagnosis of Arthritis:

Doctors detect arthritis by means of 

  • Physical examination followed by 
  • X-ray testing, 
  • MRI, 
  • bone density checkup and 
  • Ultrasound

Sometimes all of the above tests may not be necessary. Your physician will be the right person to guide you on what tests are necessary in your case.

Clinical Treatment for Arthritis:

There are multiple ways in which doctors treat arthritis. Perfect Health Magazine has elaborated on all possible methods of treatments as follows:

NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)

NSAIDs are pain relievers and anti-inflammatory pharmaceuticals. They’re accessible over-the-counter. Ibuprofen and naproxen are two common NSAIDs that briefly relieve pain and inflammation. 

Weaker NSAIDs have fewer side effects and hazards. With a prescription from a doctor, stronger NSAIDs are accessible.

NSAIDs are usually prescribed for a month. After a month patients need to visit the doctor again to check their progress and obtain a further prescription if needed. NSAIDs are used to treat moderate to severe pain for a few months at a time.

Corticosteroid Drugs

They function in your body in a way similar to hormones, slowing disease progression and preventing the immune system from attacking healthy tissue. These drugs are usually advised in case of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and other types of rheumatic diseases 

A medical expert can give them as tablets, liquids, or injectables. Commonly recommended corticosteroids are Methylprednisolone, Prednisolone, and Prednisone. Corticosteroids can help with pain, but they can potentially have adverse effects.

The most common side effect of corticosteroid drugs is stomach discomfort.  In certain patients, they can produce nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach discomfort, and disorientation. As a result, vigilance is advised. Make sure to check with your doctor first.

DMARDs (Disease-Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs)

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are long-term therapies that block the immune system from attacking healthy tissue, slowing or altering the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. 

These medications preserve joints and tissues from long-term harm while also reducing daily discomfort. Methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, and sulfasalazine are examples of conventional DMARDs 

DMARDs are drugs that are usually prescribed as soon as rheumatoid arthritis is diagnosed (RA). DMARDs prescription medicines are used to treat severe inflammatory arthritides. They are given when the pain is extremely unbearable.

Physical Therapy

While exercise may appear to be too painful, minimal activities such as walking and yoga might help soothe inflammation. A physical therapist can assist you in developing a daily training plan that is both safe and effective in maintaining joint flexibility. 

Physical therapists can assist patients in learning suitable exercises and new methods of approaching chores that reduce joint strain while improving overall body strength.

Physical therapists can help patients learn new ways to tackle tasks and exercises that lessen joint strain while boosting overall body strength. Soft tissue takes 6 to 8 weeks to heal on average, so your Physical Therapy treatment could last that long. 

During physical therapy, ice massage or wax packs, thermal baths, and faradic hand baths are employed. A bar, a rowing machine, strength machines, and physical laser treatment machines are all employed in arthritic rehabilitation.

Surgery

While exercise may appear to be too painful, minimal activities such as walking and yoga might help soothe inflammation. A physical therapist can assist you in developing a daily training plan that is both safe and effective in maintaining joint flexibility. 

Physical therapists can assist patients in learning suitable exercises and new methods of approaching chores that reduce joint strain while improving overall body strength.

Physical therapists can help patients learn new ways to tackle tasks and exercises that lessen joint strain while boosting overall body strength. Soft tissue takes 6 to 8 weeks to heal on average, so your Physical Therapy treatment could last that long. 

During physical therapy, ice massage or wax packs, thermal baths, and faradic hand baths are employed. A bar, a rowing machine, strength machines, and physical laser treatment machines are all employed in arthritic rehabilitation.

Surgical treatment is usually reserved for individuals who have suffered major joint damage, and it should always be done under the supervision of a surgeon. 

Arthritis has no treatment, and there is no way to repair or reverse the harm it has caused. Surgery, on the other hand, may help patients restore function by treating the joint damage that is common in this condition. 

The fundamental purpose of surgery is to improve people’s quality of life.

Three surgical methods are available.

  • Joint replacement – Osteoarthritis of the hip and knee is the most common reason for joint replacement. Joints such as the shoulder, elbow, and ankle can also be replaced, but only after the joint has been damaged by rheumatoid arthritis. While the main advantage of a joint replacement is the relief of arthritic pain, it can also enhance range of motion and function, as well as restore limb length and alignment. The surgery takes about 1-2 hrs. It will take 2-3 months to get back to your routine lifestyle.
  • Joint fusion – When joint replacement isn’t an option, surgeons may fuse and straighten joints. An ankle fusion is a surgical operation that is used to treat severe ankle arthritis. When non-surgical therapy fails to offer enough relief from ankle pain caused by arthritis, surgery may be considered. It takes roughly 90 minutes to complete the surgery. Healing can take a long period, even 6-10 months.
  • Tendon repair – tendons can be damaged by inflammation over time. Surgeons can repair these torn tendons, allowing for better movement. It’s possible that surgery will take 1-2 hours. It can take up to three months for the repaired tendon to regain its previous strength, depending on the location of the damage. A hand splint is used to protect your tendons from overuse during rehabilitation.

Natural Remedies with a healthy lifestyle

The following methods can help to ease the symptoms of arthritis.

  1. Loss of weight – Weight gain puts additional strain on weight-bearing joints. Losing weight can help you move more freely and prevent future joint injuries.
  2. Exercise – Regular exercise can aid in the maintenance of joint flexibility. Because the buoyancy of the water minimizes stress on weight-bearing joints, swimming and water aerobics may be appropriate options.
  3. Heat and cold – Heating pads or ice packs can be used to relieve arthritic discomfort.
  4. Assistive technology – Canes, shoe inserts, walkers, raised toilet seats, and other assistance equipment can help protect joints and improve daily function.
  5. Ayurveda – It is based on one’s way of life; arthritis is a disease that has a lot to do with one’s way of life; a healthy lifestyle and food can significantly reduce the symptoms. Panchakarma, Ayurveda’s unique deep cleansing and rejuvenating procedure, will be very helpful.
  6. Yoga – Yoga positions for arthritis boost metabolism while increasing physical activity and joint strengthening. Yoga positions for arthritis can help to boost positive mental energy while also suppressing bad thoughts and diseases like anxiety. Increased physical exercise can alleviate the majority of the problems.

Conclusion

Almost all cases of arthritis necessitate seeing a doctor/health expert to alleviate pain and live a happy life!