Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Joint Pain
- Joint pain is a commonly found type of pain internationally.
- Joint pain is seen in the knee joints, hip joints, wrist joints, ankle joints, shoulders and back.
- The symptoms of joint pain include stiffness, swelling, limitation to the range of motion and soreness.
- Arthritis, Spondyloarthritis, Gout and some other disorders lead to chronic joint pain.
- Accidents, injury, trauma and even depression can cause joint pain.
- Medication, physical therapy, rehabilitation and in certain cases surgery can resolve and control joint pain.
- Pain management and relief are key aspects of treating joint pain.
Joint pain is one of the most common health complaints across the globe. Joints are an essential component of the body and hence joint pain can be a cause of concern for anyone from youngsters to the elderly.
The joint is the connection between bones. Joints allow smooth movement and enhance the strength and mobility of the human body. When there is joint pain, mobility is hampered and one may also observe low strength in the area of the joints.
In this article, we will cover –
- What is Joint Pain?
- What are the Causes of Joint Pain?
- How Is Joint Pain Diagnosed
- Symptoms of Joint Pain
- Joint Pain Treatment
- Alternative Therapies to Joint Pain
- When To Call Your Doctor
What is Joint Pain?
Joints are the connectors between bones that make movement fluid and effortless. Joints are actually of three types –
- Fibrous joints
- Cartilaginous joints
- Synovial joints
Each of these joints has different functions in the human body and perform an essential role. Some joints that are common knowledge are knee joints, wrist joints and shoulder joints. Other joints include joints in the teeth, the ones connecting the pubic bones and the joints that connect the sockets in the jaw.
Joint pain is any type of discomfort, stress, pain, aches and soreness in the joints. While joint pain is a common medical issue faced by everyone at some point in their lives, the severity, causes and time of pain differ from case to case.
What Are The Causes Of Joint Pain?
The causes of joint pain are varied and determine the course of treatment.
One of the biggest causes of chronic joint pain is arthritis. Arthritis is a medical condition where the joints in the human body become inflamed, stiff and swollen causing severe joint pain to the person. This condition limits the range of motion of the patient and they experience limitations in mobility and joint strength.
Arthritis is classified into different sub-categories such as:
- Septic Arthritis
- Viral Arthritis
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
In all of these cases, the patient suffers from chronic joint pain that gets worse with age.
Accidents, sports-related injuries and other routine sprains and discomforts can cause injuries and joint pain. When broken bones are healing they cause a lot of joint pain.
Viral infections, fevers caused by diseases such as malaria, dengue, COVID-19 and others result in weakness and severe joint pain as the body recovers slowly through these viral attacks.
Tendons are the bands that bond the bones and muscles together. Tendinitis is typically the inflammation of the tendons (in the elbow, shoulder and knees) that causes joint pain.
At first, this may seem shocking and unbelievable, but according to the research team of Perfect Health Magazine, depression can cause joint pain. The human mind starts manifesting pains and aches in the joints as part of the depression.
How Is Joint Pain Diagnosed?
Physical examination generally tends to be enough to diagnose joint pain. However in case of chronic joint pain X-rays, lab tests and other scans may be necessary.
The Symptoms Of Joint Pain
- Stiffness in the joints
- Loss or limitation in the range of motion of affected joints
- Joint swelling
- Tenderness in joints
- Joint redness
- Joint inflammation and irritation
- Joint warmth
If you have any of the above symptoms, Perfect Health Magazine recommends getting in touch with a physician and moving forward with the right treatment for your case.
Joint Pains Treatments
There are a variety of joint pain treatments depending on the severity of the pain, the duration and the causes that have led to it. Your physician is the right person to provide you with the solution that is perfect for your health.
That being said, here are the general treatments followed for treating joint pain:
Joint pain relief gels, ointments and topical treatment oils are easily available in the market. These should be applied from time to time on the affected area and you will feel the pain easing out slowly. When the joint pain isn’t severe or related directly to arthritis topical treatments come in handy and are most effective.
The doctor may prescribe oral Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) for relief from joint pain. Other medications include duloxetine, ibuprofen which alleviate joint pain over a course of time. In some cases the physician may prescribe steroid joint injections and hyaluronic acid injections for eliminating joint pain issues.
One of the pillars of treating serious joint pain or recovery from injury or trauma is physical therapy. A qualified physiotherapist will teach joint pain patients exercises, stretches and may also ask the patients to undergo other physical therapy treatments for curing joint pain or joint pain management.
Self Care/ Home Remedies
Changes to your lifestyle, staying fit, regularly exercising and consuming the right type of food is key to treating joint pain. A physically active and healthy lifestyle can help in improving joint mobility and strength for a long duration of time.
When joint pain is long lasting, severe and is limiting the patient’s daily activities or putting major stress on other organs in the body, then a surgery may be the way to go. Joint replacement surgeries are performed by qualified surgeons which give a new lease of life to patients.
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What Are Alternative Therapies For Joint Pain?
There are a variety of options available for joint pain in alternative therapies. Acupuncture and massage with essential oils has shown amazing results for joint pain.
Ayurvedic herbal supplements and oils are another incredible therapeutic option which can strengthen the joints and increase their range of motion.
When To Call Your Doctor
If your joint pain symptoms are severe accompanied by tenderness, swelling, unexpected and unexplained inflammation etc. get in touch with your doctor immediately.