Wrist Pain

Wrist Pain By Perfect Health Magazine

Wrist Pain - Quick 30 Seconds Summary

  • Wrist Pain is one of the most common forms of joint pains. 
  • Millions of people globally have issues when they write or lift objects due to wrist pain. 
  • Wrist pain can be dull or intense, depending on the severity. Also, the pain area varies from person to person.
  • Consult a doctor immediately if you cannot hold any object or in case of extreme pain.
  • Wrist pain is diagnosed through CT, MRI and X-ray scans.
  • Treatment involves surgery, home remedies, exercise and medications.

Wrist Pain - Meaning & Overview:

Wrist pain is a common joint pain faced by people of all age groups for several reasons. The wrist joint plays a significant role in necessary movements, from writing to texting to lifting things. 

When discomfort arises, it can infringe on day-to-day actions and affect the quality of one’s life. The wrist, however, is not a single joint. Instead, it encompasses numerous tiny joints where the forearm and hand bones meet. 

Impact pains to the wrist and muscle stresses are familiar causes of wrist pain while crushing the nerves that ratify through the wrist can produce pain. 

Other forms of Joint Pain include: 

In case you want to learn more about Joint Pain or Arthritis read our detailed blogs: 

Symptoms of wrist pain

Wrist pain symptoms can differ, depending on the cause. Some people may possess pain that they interpret as dull or achy, while some may experience intense pain. The area of the pain can also vary. 

Symptoms of a wound, such as a wrist sprain, can comprise bruising and swelling. 

Tingling, numbness and hand deformity may occur when discomfort is expected because of carpal tunnel syndrome

Some individuals may experience the following symptoms:

  • Stiffness: An individual may sense this through their fingers and potentially in their wrist
  • Trouble clenching or lifting objects: Wrist injury may make a grasping or carrying on to elements or items rigid or uneasy.
  • Some sound when rolling the wrist: This can become a severe problem if kept unresolved for a long time. 
  • Relying on the reason, symptoms may be soft to begin and deepen over time. 

Initially, discomfort may merely arise during specific movements. After some time, as the situation worsens, the pain may transpire even at ease. Numbness may be critical to the point where an individual cannot withstand or understand whether it’s cold or heat and might plunge things.

When to consult a doctor?

It’s essential to see a doctor if:

  • Wrist pain is infringing on everyday movements. Tingling or numbness worsens, and there is slight or no motion in the hand or fingers. 
  • Shivering or weakness when holding objects with your hands due to wrist pain. 

A certified physician is the right person to approach when you observe these symptoms and get started on your treatment.

How is Wrist Pain Diagnosed?

After a manual exam, a qualified doctor may diagnose the pain of your wrist, or he can diagnose the wrist pain through below elementary tests: 

Imaging scans: A consultant may authorize imaging scans, encompassing CT, MRI and X-ray scans. 

Arthroscopy: This method implicates a minor cut on the wrist. Your surgeon may accordingly inject a small device with a portable camera connected through it. This will generate pictures that enable medical experts to evaluate and diagnose what is resulting in wrist pain. 

Nerve conduction studies: This measures how soon nerve impulses wander through the wrist, forearm and other hand areas.

Causes Of Wrist Pain

You may possess wrist pain because of-

Carpal tunnel syndrome: This familiar hand problem causes pain, numbness, and itching in the wrist. Carpal tunnel syndrome is triggered when there is pressure on the median nerve inside the narrow carpal tunnel passageway. 

Tendinitis: Several tendons cross your wrist to deliver activity of your wrist and fingers. If they get aggravated, these tendons can bulge, resulting in pain with motion or severe spontaneous crack. It arises along with the thumb of your wrist. 

Ganglion cysts: A ganglion cyst is a fluid-filled lump with non-cancerous effects that originate on wrist joints and tendons. A vast cyst can huddle against nerves in your wrist, resulting in numbness, stroking and a pale ache. The situation is not harmful or adverse but can cause distress.

Gout: A kind of arthritis, gout inflames joints, bringing about pain, swollen and tender. The impacted joint may sense warmth to the touch. Gout arises when extremely uric acid (a destructive product from food digestion) piles in your bloodstream. The surplus acid results in tiny, uncomfortable crystals forming in your soft tissue & joints.

Osteoarthritis: This form of arthritis evolves when the connective tissue cartilage covering the ends of bones wears down. In osteoarthritis, a bone rubs against another bone, affecting pain, bulging and paralysis.

Psoriatic arthritis: People with psoriasis, a skin illness that provokes midst, scaly covering patches, can get psoriatic arthritis. This arthritis affects wrist pain, tenderness and eruption. It can arise in immobility and a minor range of action.

Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that frequently commences in small joints in the wrists. It causes in both wrists or hands. People having rheumatoid arthritis in their wrist may encounter joint pain, stiffness and swelling.

Rare and unusual causes of wrist pain include:

  • Infection
  • Tumor
  • Avascular Necrosis (loss of blood supply) of a carpal bone
  • Cervical (neck) nerve compression

Treatments of wrist pain

Treatment for wrist pain relies on the reason and its severity and the course of action your doctor will choose for you. 

Following are the treatments prescribed for Wrist Pain

Home Remedies: Often, giving rest to your wrist is the best way to cure the pain. Consultants might moreover propose pain-relieving medicines and ice to lessen epidemic and discomfort. 

Splints: In some outbreaks, a wrist splint can help. Splinting may restrict specific wrist activities that irritate. A sling might similarly lessen the condensing of the nerve. 

Exercises: Wrist exercises might enable you to manage wrist irritation, ensuring the type of pain. Specific activities can extend and expand muscles and tendons. 

Supplementary treatment: Corticosteroid injections, which reduce inflammation and decrease pain, can effectively deal with wrist pain. 

Surgery: The kind of surgery a physician may propose will rely on the cause of the discomfort/pain. Some of the surgeries include: 

Bone fractures: This is done to stabilize the wrist bone fracture for better healing. In this surgery, your surgeon will join the bone fragments with metal hardware. 

Carpal tunnel syndrome: If the situation is complex, the surgeon will cut open the ligament which forms the roof of the tunnel. This process will lessen the pressure on nerves. 

Tendon or ligament repair: Sometimes, surgery is needed to repair the ruptured ligaments and tendons.

Complications or Risks Associated With Wrist Pain

Complications of a damaged wrist are limited, but they may comprise of: 

Constant immobility, agonizing or disability– Stiffness, injury or aching in the pretentious region commonly takes off gradually after cast removal or after surgery. Nevertheless, some patients retain permanent stiffness or discomfort. Have patience while you heal, and discuss with your consultant about different exercises which you can do to get relief from pain. 

Osteoarthritis– Fractures that broaden into a joint can result in arthritis after years. If your wrist begins to damage or swell lanky after a halt, see your consultant for an examination. 

Blood vessel or nerve damage- The injury to the wrist can harm contiguous blood vessels and nerves. Pursue timely attention if you feel circulation or numbness problems.

Ways to prevent wrist pain

Here are some exercises for your help. 

Wrist Stretch – Flex: Raise your arm and keep your elbow straight; drag your wrist backward with the other hand. It would work if you felt a gentle to moderate stretch. Do three sets each of 15 seconds.

Wrist Stretch – Extend: Raise your arm and with your palm facing your elbow directly, pull your hand with another hand. Hold for 15 seconds. 

Tennis Ball Squeeze: Squeeze a tennis ball as harshly as you can—without inflicting pain. Keep up for 10 seconds. Repeat ten times.

Final Takeaway

Many factors can cause wrist pain, from sitting in front of a computer for a long duration to a more severe cause like arthritis. If your wrist pain doesn’t seem to go away, consult your doctor and tell him the symptoms. Most wrist pain can be treated with over-the-counter pills, exercise, splints, surgery, cast or a combination of all such treatments.

Osteoarthritis: All You Need To Know

Osteoarthritis by Perfect Health Magazine

An ankle injury destroys the ligaments that connect the bones of the leg to the skeleton of the foot. As a result, swelling and pain may occur. 

While some people have ankle discomfort as a result of fractures or sprains, others experience pain from a different source. Arthritis or an autoimmune condition could be the reason.

The ideal treatment depends on the possible causes; hence, being safe than sorry is always better. Therefore, consulting a physician is best.

To learn more about how arthritis could be causing ankle pain read our The 2022 Arthritis Guide – Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Osteoarthritis

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, affecting millions of people around the world. 
  • This disorder occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones breaks off over time.
  • Osteoarthritis can affect every joint in the body, including the hands, knees, hips, and spine.
  • Osteoarthritis is diagnosed using X-rays, MRIs, blood tests, joint fluid studies, and imaging scans.
  • Medicines, therapy, surgical procedures, and Ayurvedic treatment are all part of the RA treatment plan.

What Is Osteoarthritis? - An Introduction

Osteoarthritis is the wear and tear that causes a joint’s cartilage to stiffen and lose suppleness, making it more vulnerable to harm. 

Over time, the cartilage in the human body wears down naturally due to usage and ageing. This greatly diminishes its ability to act as a shock absorber. 

The tendons and ligaments stretch when cartilage deteriorates, creating intense pain. As the issue deepens, the bones may grind against each other. More than 500 million individuals worldwide suffer from osteoarthritis, which affects 7% of the global population.

It usually affects the poundage joints of the hips, knees, and spine. The fingers, thumb, neck, and big toe are also further affected by this condition.

As per the World Health Organization (WHO), osteoarthritis affects 9.6% of men and 18.0% of females over the age of 60 worldwide. 

You can learn more about Arthritis with our in-depth blog: The 2022 Arthritis Guide – Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Osteoarthritis Symptoms

Symptoms of osteoarthritis usually appear gradually and worsen with time. Osteoarthritis has the following signs and symptoms:

  • Pain – Joint pain
  • Stiffness – You will feel stiff when you first wake up or try to move after hours of inactivity 
  • When you apply gentle pressure to or near your joint, it may become tender.
  • Lack of flexibility and limited range of motion
  • The sensation of grating – When you use the joint, you may notice a grating sensation as well as popping or crackling sounds.
  • Spurs of bone – Extra bone, in the form of hard lumps, might grow around the afflicted joint
  • Swelling – Soft tissue inflammation around the joint could be the source of this

Osteoarthritis Causes

The causes of osteoarthritis include: 

  • Ageing – As you become older, your risk of developing osteoarthritis rises.
  • Gender – Women are more prone to developing this.
  • Obesity – Excess body weight causes osteoarthritis in a variety of ways, and the more you weigh, the higher your risk. The weight-bearing joints in your knee joints are stressed when you gather weight.Proteins produced by fat deposits can induce significant inflammation in and around joints.
  • Joint injuries – Such as those sustained while playing sports or as a result of an accident, can raise the risk of osteoarthritis. Even injuries that appear to have healed many years ago can put you at risk for osteoarthritis.
  • Repetitive stress on the joint – If the profession or activity you participate in inputs repetitive stress on a joint, that joint may develop osteoarthritis over time.
  • Genetics – Some people are genetically predisposed to osteoarthritis.
  • Bone abnormalities – Some persons are born with faulty cartilage or deformed joints.
  • Diabetes and an overabundance of iron in the body are two examples of metabolic illnesses (hemochromatosis).

Risks & Complications Associated With Osteoarthritis

  • This Disease is a chronic illness that causes pain as it progresses. Joint pain and stiffness can make it difficult to carry out various tasks.
  • The pain and incapacity of osteoarthritis can lead to depression and sleep problems.

Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is diagnosed based on a combination of the following factors:

  • Your symptoms.
  • The pain’s location and pattern
  • Physical examination

Your doctor will examine the affected joint for discomfort, edema, redness, and flexibility during the physical exam. Moreover, your doctor may recommend the following imaging tests to obtain images of the afflicted joint:

  • X-rays – Although cartilage does not show up on X-ray images, a narrowing of the area between the bones in your joint indicates cartilage loss. 
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – An MRI produces comprehensive images of bone and soft tissues, including cartilage, using radio waves and a strong magnetic field. 
  • Joint fluid analysis – During a joint fluid analysis, a needle may be used to remove fluid from an affected joint.

When To See A Doctor For Osteoarthritis?

As soon as you observe any of the symptoms described above, you should schedule an appointment with your doctor. Hence, rapid recognition can help you save a lot of time and get started on therapy pretty quickly.

Osteoarthritis Treatment

Patients frequently receive a combination of therapeutic communication, resting, physiotherapy, medication, and surgery as part of their treatment.


  • Acetaminophen
  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta).
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Disclaimer: Always ask your doctor before taking any medicine. Do not self-treat your pain.

The duration of these medicines depends on the patient’s condition. Mostly they are given for a period of 2 – 4 weeks. Always consult your doctor before extending them as they may possess side effects which will become visible due to long term consumption.


Physical therapy – A physical therapist can show you techniques to strengthen the muscles around your joints, improve flexibility, and relieve discomfort. Mild activity that you do in your leisure, such as swimming or walking, maybe just as beneficial. This therapy is required for a period of 4 to 6 months. The patient needs to visit 1-3 times per week.

Occupational therapy – An occupational therapist can assist you in figuring out how to perform ordinary tasks without adding to the discomfort in your joints. Also, if you have osteoarthritis in your hands, for example, a toothbrush with a large handle may make brushing your teeth simpler. This might take about 1-2 months. But for post operative patients this may be recommended for 2-4 months.

TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) – It is a pain-relieving technique that employs a low-voltage electrical current. Additionally, some patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis find it helpful in the short term. This procedure takes about 30-40 minutes to complete. It is mostly recommended three/four times a day for 1 week.

Surgical Procedures

Joint replacement surgery – It involves your physician removing damaged joint surfaces and replacing them with plastic and metal components. Also, infections and blood clots are two surgical hazards. Artificial joints can wear out or become loose over time, necessitating replacement.This is a major surgery. It takes about 60 – 90 minutes. It would take 3-6 months to totally recover.

Realigning bones – An osteotomy may be beneficial if osteoarthritis has injured one side of your knee more than the other. Moreover, a surgeon performs a knee osteotomy by cutting through the bone above or below the knee and then removing or adding a wedge of bone. A knee osteotomy surgery is a major procedure. This takes up to 1 – 2 hours. It would take 3-6 months for the patient to fully recover

Other procedures

Corticosteroid injections – Corticosteroid injections into your joint may reduce discomfort for a few weeks. Your doctor numbs the region around your joint before injecting medication through a needle into the joint space. This is a temporary process. It takes about 20-30 minutes to complete the procedure.

Lubrication injections – Hyaluronic acid injections may help decrease discomfort by providing cushioning in your knee, but other evidence suggests that these injections are no better than a placebo. This is also a temporary solution. It takes about 10-15 minutes.

Ayurvedic treatment

For knee pain relief, Ayurveda, food and lifestyle practices offer a unique knee joint massage and external treatment. In this Ayurvedic procedure, the knee is washed with warm medicinal oil or herbal decoction. 

The major goal of Ayurvedic treatment for osteoarthritis is to remove ama with Ayurvedic Panchakarma treatments while also improving digestion and reducing Vata by relieving pain and inflammation.

A diet that pacifies or balances Vata is recommended according to Ayurveda. 

  • Tofu Lentils, mung beans, dal,
  • Grains like – oats, rice, and cream of wheat grains
  • Buttermilk 
  • Meat 
  • Vegetables (leafy green)
  • Anti-inflammatory spices for example – ginger, turmeric, and garlic

For OA, Ayurveda provides “secure and effective therapeutic choices.”

Herbs that reduce inflammation:

  • Boswellia
  • Turmeric
  • Ashwagandha
  • Ginger
  • Triphala
  • Guggulu
  • Shatavari 

Ayurvedic treatment might be able to offer lifestyle modifications that can help you feel better.


While joint degradation cannot be halted, the symptoms of osteoarthritis are usually manageable. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, eating well-balanced food, and receiving certain therapies can all help to slow disease progression and improve pain and joint function. Therefore, make an appointment with a doctor if you notice any indications or symptoms of osteoarthritis. They will also assist you with drugs and any other treatment procedures that may be required.

How To Stop Your Hip Pain: Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Painful Hips by Perfect Health Magazine

Hip Pain - Meaning & Overview

Hip pain is the pain or discomfort felt from the lower back to the buttocks. The muscles, tendons and the hip joint all are part of the hip pain.  It is one of the most common forms of joint pain experienced by patients globally. 

Anxiety within the hip joint causes discomfort inside your hip. Hip pain on the exterior of your hip, outer buttock or upper thigh usually results in problems with ligaments, muscles, tendons and other tissues encircling your hip joint.

For more information about Joint Pain read out detailed blog “8 Joint Pain Truths That You Must Read”

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Hip Pain

  • Hip pain can cause discomfort in the hip joint, thigh, or groin.
  • The common cause of hip pain is inflammation in tendons, this can happen because of heavy exercise, arthritis, or hip fracture.
  • Hip pain can be diagnosed through physical examination and medical tests like imaging tests, X-rays, MRI scans, and Ultrasound.
  • Hip pain can be treated through medications and proper exercise.

Symptoms of Hip Pain

The hip is a sophisticated cartilage joint, bone, ligaments, lubricating fluid, and muscle. The indications of hip pain will fluctuate depending on the reason for its illness and the portion of the hip joint that is most affected. Familiar symptoms of hip pain include: 

  • Discomfort in the hip
  • Limping
  • Inferior movement in the hip joint
  • Referred distress (may be felt in the leg)
  • Muscle immobility
  • Pain in the leg when you put more weight on that particular leg 

Patients with arthritis may encounter chronic pain while walking. If you stumble or have an accident affecting your leg and acquire pain or swelling in your hip, pursue medical vigilance instantly. These symptoms might suggest that you have a fissure. Untreated pain can result in serious inconveniences.

Diagnosis of Hip Pain

If one has hip discomfort, the doctor will conduct a physical examination and operate imaging tests to diagnose the problem. 

A modest visual analysis of the hip will disclose a deficiency or injury. Your doctor will frequently juggle your leg in various directions, checking for resistance, a popping irritation, or discomfort. These can imply the source of the hip pain. 

Nevertheless, additional tests may be essential to ascertain a diagnosis. 

  • X-ray, 
  • Bone Density Scan, 
  • Ultrasound, 
  • MRI scan & 
  • Arthrogram

are some of the imaging tests that will allow your doctor to see the problem in detail. 

Treatments for Hip Pain

Different treatments and medications are served to various causes.


If osteoarthritis of your hip results in suffering pain and restricts your potential to walk without irritation, your consultant may approve a pain relief medication. Several doctors recommend Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) acetaminophen, encompassing aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen.


Raising the leg straight– The straightforward leg raising exercise may bolster the pretence of your quads and hips and also can help support your knees. 

Raising the leg side– Raising your leg at the side enables strengthening the gluteal muscle that’s located on the side of your buttocks and hip. These muscles are crucial in conserving proper knee and hip positions while roaming and riding.

Hip hikers It’s a tremendous exercise to prepare your gluteal muscles to struggle in a weight-bearing posture.

By maintaining your hips sharp and adaptable, you may be eligible to prevent hip pain and dilemmas from happening. If you possess hip pain, gentle exercise might be the solution to enabling you to decrease your hurt and retrieval.


Common hip surgery is called a total hip replacement. In it, injured or worn-out areas of your hip are displaced with synthetic implants. The socket is rehabilitated with a reliable plastic cup, which can or can’t furthermore comprise a titanium shell. The femoral head shall be discarded and supplanted with a ball generated from a metal alloy or ceramic. The fresh ball is connected to a metal stem injected into the prime of your femur.

Alternative Holistic Therapies

Apparent holistic treatments comprise beholding a chiropractor for an adjustment or retaining acupuncture. This pertains to the interim placement of tiny needles into crucial body regions to facilitate recovery.

Risk and Complications Associated With Hip Pain

A hip fracture can lessen your self-sufficiency and can make your life difficult. Approximately 50% of the people who possess hip fractures can’t retrieve the potential to live independently. 

If a hip fracture retains you immobile for an extended period, the complications and risks can include: 

  • Blood clots in your lungs or legs.
  • Urinary tract infections.
  • Bedsores.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Further damage of muscle mass boosts your risk of injuries and falls.
  • Death.

When should you see your doctor?

If your hip pain is continuously resisting you from rest or waking you up at gloaming hours, you must visit your doctor. 

They can test for swelling and tenderness around your hip. They’ll similarly analyse the spectrum of movement of your hip for indications of tendonitis and arthritis. Lessened motion is an indication of arthritis. 

They may furthermore take fluid or blood samples or order X-rays to rule out several situations. 

You must go to a vital care structure or an emergency room if an injury causes your hip discomfort. 

Moreover, seek timely care if you possess any of these symptoms:

  • A joint that looks hideous
  • Incapability to move your hip or leg
  • Inability to impose a burden on the leg with the irritated hip
  • Severe pain or steep bump in your hip
  • Chills, fever, redness, or different signs of the disorder.


While people often question the success rate of hip replacement. Hip replacement is one of the most victorious operations ever conceived. It not just eases pain and restores function; it has furthermore been indicated to prolong lifespan. Hip pain is treatable and manageable in most cases. Consulting with an expert physician is the key to finding the right course of treatment for your unique case.

Treatments For Arthritis

Treatment for arthritis by Perfect Health Magazine

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Treatments For Arthritis

  • Arthritis is one of the most common joint disorders found in patients globally. 
  • There are more than 200 types of arthritis such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis etc. 
  • Arthritis is diagnosed through a physical examination followed up by X-ray scans, bone density tests, MRI and ultrasound as prescribed by the treating physician. 
  • Treatments for arthritis include NSAIDs, Corticosteroid drugs, DMARDs, Physical therapy and surgery. 
  • Alternative treatments including Yoga and Ayurveda work wonders on Arthritis.

Treatments For Arthritis - Introduction & Overview:

Arthritis is a joint disorder characterized by pain and stiffness, joint injury, or joint inflammation inside one or even more joints, along with edema, discomfort, and a burning sensation. 

There are almost 200 different forms of arthritis, and they all impact joints, adjacent tissues, and other tissue. Wear and tear is another name for arthritis, which is a chronic ailment. Common types of arthritis include Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis and gout.

The 2022 Arthritis Guide – Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Diagnosis of Arthritis:

Doctors detect arthritis by means of 

  • Physical examination followed by 
  • X-ray testing, 
  • MRI, 
  • bone density checkup and 
  • Ultrasound

Sometimes all of the above tests may not be necessary. Your physician will be the right person to guide you on what tests are necessary in your case.

Clinical Treatment for Arthritis:

There are multiple ways in which doctors treat arthritis. Perfect Health Magazine has elaborated on all possible methods of treatments as follows:

NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)

NSAIDs are pain relievers and anti-inflammatory pharmaceuticals. They’re accessible over-the-counter. Ibuprofen and naproxen are two common NSAIDs that briefly relieve pain and inflammation. 

Weaker NSAIDs have fewer side effects and hazards. With a prescription from a doctor, stronger NSAIDs are accessible.

NSAIDs are usually prescribed for a month. After a month patients need to visit the doctor again to check their progress and obtain a further prescription if needed. NSAIDs are used to treat moderate to severe pain for a few months at a time.

Corticosteroid Drugs

They function in your body in a way similar to hormones, slowing disease progression and preventing the immune system from attacking healthy tissue. These drugs are usually advised in case of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and other types of rheumatic diseases 

A medical expert can give them as tablets, liquids, or injectables. Commonly recommended corticosteroids are Methylprednisolone, Prednisolone, and Prednisone. Corticosteroids can help with pain, but they can potentially have adverse effects.

The most common side effect of corticosteroid drugs is stomach discomfort.  In certain patients, they can produce nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach discomfort, and disorientation. As a result, vigilance is advised. Make sure to check with your doctor first.

DMARDs (Disease-Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs)

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are long-term therapies that block the immune system from attacking healthy tissue, slowing or altering the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. 

These medications preserve joints and tissues from long-term harm while also reducing daily discomfort. Methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, and sulfasalazine are examples of conventional DMARDs 

DMARDs are drugs that are usually prescribed as soon as rheumatoid arthritis is diagnosed (RA). DMARDs prescription medicines are used to treat severe inflammatory arthritides. They are given when the pain is extremely unbearable.

Physical Therapy

While exercise may appear to be too painful, minimal activities such as walking and yoga might help soothe inflammation. A physical therapist can assist you in developing a daily training plan that is both safe and effective in maintaining joint flexibility. 

Physical therapists can assist patients in learning suitable exercises and new methods of approaching chores that reduce joint strain while improving overall body strength.

Physical therapists can help patients learn new ways to tackle tasks and exercises that lessen joint strain while boosting overall body strength. Soft tissue takes 6 to 8 weeks to heal on average, so your Physical Therapy treatment could last that long. 

During physical therapy, ice massage or wax packs, thermal baths, and faradic hand baths are employed. A bar, a rowing machine, strength machines, and physical laser treatment machines are all employed in arthritic rehabilitation.


While exercise may appear to be too painful, minimal activities such as walking and yoga might help soothe inflammation. A physical therapist can assist you in developing a daily training plan that is both safe and effective in maintaining joint flexibility. 

Physical therapists can assist patients in learning suitable exercises and new methods of approaching chores that reduce joint strain while improving overall body strength.

Physical therapists can help patients learn new ways to tackle tasks and exercises that lessen joint strain while boosting overall body strength. Soft tissue takes 6 to 8 weeks to heal on average, so your Physical Therapy treatment could last that long. 

During physical therapy, ice massage or wax packs, thermal baths, and faradic hand baths are employed. A bar, a rowing machine, strength machines, and physical laser treatment machines are all employed in arthritic rehabilitation.

Surgical treatment is usually reserved for individuals who have suffered major joint damage, and it should always be done under the supervision of a surgeon. 

Arthritis has no treatment, and there is no way to repair or reverse the harm it has caused. Surgery, on the other hand, may help patients restore function by treating the joint damage that is common in this condition. 

The fundamental purpose of surgery is to improve people’s quality of life.

Three surgical methods are available.

  • Joint replacement – Osteoarthritis of the hip and knee is the most common reason for joint replacement. Joints such as the shoulder, elbow, and ankle can also be replaced, but only after the joint has been damaged by rheumatoid arthritis. While the main advantage of a joint replacement is the relief of arthritic pain, it can also enhance range of motion and function, as well as restore limb length and alignment. The surgery takes about 1-2 hrs. It will take 2-3 months to get back to your routine lifestyle.
  • Joint fusion – When joint replacement isn’t an option, surgeons may fuse and straighten joints. An ankle fusion is a surgical operation that is used to treat severe ankle arthritis. When non-surgical therapy fails to offer enough relief from ankle pain caused by arthritis, surgery may be considered. It takes roughly 90 minutes to complete the surgery. Healing can take a long period, even 6-10 months.
  • Tendon repair – tendons can be damaged by inflammation over time. Surgeons can repair these torn tendons, allowing for better movement. It’s possible that surgery will take 1-2 hours. It can take up to three months for the repaired tendon to regain its previous strength, depending on the location of the damage. A hand splint is used to protect your tendons from overuse during rehabilitation.

Natural Remedies with a healthy lifestyle

The following methods can help to ease the symptoms of arthritis.

  1. Loss of weight – Weight gain puts additional strain on weight-bearing joints. Losing weight can help you move more freely and prevent future joint injuries.
  2. Exercise – Regular exercise can aid in the maintenance of joint flexibility. Because the buoyancy of the water minimizes stress on weight-bearing joints, swimming and water aerobics may be appropriate options.
  3. Heat and cold – Heating pads or ice packs can be used to relieve arthritic discomfort.
  4. Assistive technology – Canes, shoe inserts, walkers, raised toilet seats, and other assistance equipment can help protect joints and improve daily function.
  5. Ayurveda – It is based on one’s way of life; arthritis is a disease that has a lot to do with one’s way of life; a healthy lifestyle and food can significantly reduce the symptoms. Panchakarma, Ayurveda’s unique deep cleansing and rejuvenating procedure, will be very helpful.
  6. Yoga – Yoga positions for arthritis boost metabolism while increasing physical activity and joint strengthening. Yoga positions for arthritis can help to boost positive mental energy while also suppressing bad thoughts and diseases like anxiety. Increased physical exercise can alleviate the majority of the problems.


Almost all cases of arthritis necessitate seeing a doctor/health expert to alleviate pain and live a happy life!

Ankle Pain Treatments 101 – Causes, Effects & Treatments

Ankle Pain by Perfect Health Magazine

An ankle injury destroys the ligaments that connect the bones of the leg to the skeleton of the foot. As a result, swelling and pain may occur. 

While some people have ankle discomfort as a result of fractures or sprains, others experience pain from a different source. Arthritis or an autoimmune condition could be the reason.

The ideal treatment depends on the possible causes; hence, being safe than sorry is always better. Therefore, consulting a physician is best.

To learn more about how arthritis could be causing ankle pain read our The 2022 Arthritis Guide – Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Ankle Pain

  • Ankle pain is often a devastating pain that stops or limits the movement of the patient’s leg. 
  • Ankle pain maybe caused due to injury, accident, physical trauma or chronic arthritis. 
  • Physical examination followed by medical tests that doctors prescribe is used to diagnose ankle pain. 
  • Ankle pain is treated with the help of medication, physical therapy and assistive devices.

How is ankle pain diagnosed?

While doing a physical examination, your doctor will check your ankle, lower leg and foot. He will touch the injured area to know the points of tenderness and will move your foot to know its motion range. Such foot movement will also let him know the foot position which is causing pain.

In case of severe injury, your doctor may recommend some imaging scans to find out the broken bone or know more about ligament damage.

  • X-ray: In X-ray small amounts of radiation is passed through the body to get the images of ankles and bones. This test is good in case of fracture.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Such imaging scan uses radio waves and magnetic field to get detailed 3D images of the internal part of the ankle which also includes ligaments.
  • CT Scan: Through CT scan doctors can get more information about joint bones. In this scan X-rays are taken from different angles and combine them to form a cross-sectional or 3D image.
  • Ultrasound: In this sound waves are used to get real-time images. Such images will help doctors to know the ligament condition when the foot is in different positions.

What Are The Causes For Ankle Pain?

Here are causes for Ankle Pain:


The cartilage cushion between two bones goes away with osteoarthritis, forcing the bones to grind against one other which leads to severe ankle pain. It’s also terribly uncomfortable. 

There may be some stiffness and pain as well. When you wake up in the morning, you can see that it’s been worse. This illness can induce discomfort that appears out of nowhere.

Rheumatoid arthritis

It is a type of arthritis that affects the joints. Your immune system attacks healthy tissue. When you have this chronic autoimmune condition, the lining of your joints, such as your ankle joints, is impacted. 

The indications, which generally begin in the toes and progress to the ankles, include pain, edema, and stiffness.

Reactive arthritis

A bacterial infection in another part of your body which can trigger arthritis symptoms. And one of the most common places impacted by reactive arthritis, is your ankles. Swelling and soreness in your knees, heels, and toes are possible.


This is an autoimmune illness that results in inflammation. Swelling, muscle soreness, and joint pain in many regions of the body, including the feet and ankles, are common symptoms.


Bursitis of the ankle occurs when the little fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that act as cushions between the bones that make up your ankle joint become inflamed. It might occur as a result of an accident, but it can also develop as a result of overuse or stress on the ankle. Even an ill-fitting pair of shoes might trigger inflammation and irritation in those sacs.


Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease. Although the exact origin is uncertain, it appears that your immune system stimulates it. The overproduction of collagen, a fibrous protein that causes thicker, stiff skin. Scleroderma-related inflammation can cause edema and damage to many organ systems, tissues, and joints.

Collapsed Arches

When the tendons that support your feet are injured, the arches of your feet lose support, resulting in collapsed arches. It’s comparable to having flat feet, which occurs when the entire sole of your foot hits the ground instead of allowing a small amount of space between your toes and the ground.

Achilles tendon

The Achilles tendon connects the back of your heel to the calf muscle. Of course, an accident can rupture or tear it, but there are other reasons why you might have a sore ankle. Achilles tendinitis can develop as a result of excessive movement or repetitive activities.


An infection might spread to your ankle, causing pain. Bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus, and Enterobacter are responsible to cause the pain.

Home remedies for Ankle sprains and ankle tendonitis

  • Rest: For most ankle illnesses, the first line of treatment is to just rest and wait for the acute inflammation to decrease. If you have minimal ankle pain, this may be the only thing you need to do. 
  • Ice or cold gel packs – To keep swelling down and ease the pain, ice should be applied numerous times each day.
  • Compression bandages – An ACE wrap, can aid in the support and fixation of your ankle joint. However, take care not to over-compress.

Elevation – It is the process of raising your ankle above the level of your heart. This will decrease swelling.

Stability Items

Crutches or a cane, ankle braces or splints, orthotics, and a cast may be required depending on the type of injury. Your healthcare professional will advise one of these based on the nature of the ailment and its cause.

Physical therapy for Ankle Pain

It’s usually applied for a range of ankle ailments, including strains, tendinitis, and ankle surgery recovery. Physical therapists employ a variety of recovery activities to help you strengthen your ankle muscles, regain mobility, reduce stiffness, and avoid chronic ankle problems.

Medications for Ankle Pain

  • NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, are one of the most commonly prescribed treatments for the discomfort caused by arthritis, sprains, or tendonitis. 
  • Stronger pain drugs, such as opioids, may be provided for a limited period for more severe pain, like – serious fracture.
  • Cortisone, a steroid that lowers inflammation, can be injected into the ankle joint for severe cases of arthritis, though the benefit is for a shorter period.

Ankle Pain Surgical Remedies

  • Treatment for certain ankle disorders may include surgery. An orthopedic surgeon, for example, will need to use screws, pins, rods, or plates to set and put the ankle bones back in place after a serious ankle fracture.

  • Ankle Arthroscopic – Your surgeon may conduct debridement to remove loose cartilage, inflammatory tissue, and bony growths around the joint in the early stages. This procedure can be done arthroscopically, which includes introducing a small camera into the ankle joint by the surgeon. “Clean out” tools can then be put via tiny incisions.
  • Arthrodesis of the Ankle – Arthrodesis, which involves connecting the ankle bones to prevent the diseased joint from shifting and thus eliminating pain, is another surgery for ankle arthritis.
  • Arthroplasty of the Ankle – Ankle arthroplasty is a procedure in which a surgeon removes diseased cartilage and bone from the ankle and replaces it with ankle implants.

Risk or complications associated with ankle pain

Let’s take a look on some of the risks or complications which are uncommon but may include:

  • Arthritis: Fracture which reaches till joint may lead to arthritis at older age. If your ankle starts paining long after a break, then you should consult a doctor.
  • Bone infection: In case of open fracture, especially when one end of the bone extends beyond the skin, your bone becomes susceptible to bacteria which can cause infection.
  • Blood vessel or nerve damage: Ankle pain can sometimes rupture the nerves and blood vessels which can tear them. Consult your doctor immediately, if you feel any numbness or circulation problem in the ankle. Lack of blood can cause a bone to die or collapse.

Preventive measures for Ankle Pain

By maintaining appropriate muscular strength and flexibility in the ankle, a lot of ankle injuries can be avoided. You can use the following simple measures to assist prevent an ankle injury:

  • Wearing the proper footwear.
  • Slow down or stop your activities if your foot or ankle hurts.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight is important since obesity can cause ankle tendonitis and put stress on arthritic ankle joints.


It may well be simple to get to the root of your ankle pain and get back on your feet. For some cases, it will require patients for a thorough examination. Nevertheless, after you've received your diagnosis, you can begin a medication regimen step-by-step process to fully recover back!

Frozen Shoulder: Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Frozen Shoulder by Perfect Health Magazine

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Frozen Shoulder

  • Frozen shoulder is known as adhesive capsulitis is a subset of joint pain in the body. 
  • Frozen shoulder causes stiffness and limits the range of motion in the patient. 
  • Age, strokes, diabetes and other medical conditions can cause frozen shoulder. 
  • Physical therapy, medication and in some cases surgery can restore the shoulder to its previous state. 
  • Alternative therapies like Ayurveda and Homeopathy offer great relief to frozen shoulder patients.

Frozen shoulders are also called adhesive capsulitis. It is a kind of joint pain in which a patient gradually loses the shoulder’s joint movement. It usually starts with the pain in the upper shoulder joint. In frozen shoulder conditions, the joints become stiff, which results in their limited movement.

In case of frozen shoulder, the patient will get achy pain in one of the shoulder. He may also get pain in the shoulder muscle which wraps the top of your arm. Such pain worsens during nighttime.

What Is Frozen Shoulder?

Frozen Shoulder is also called adhesive capsulitis. It usually starts with the pain in the upper shoulder joint. Frozen shoulder causes the joints to become stiff, which results in their limited movement. 

In the case of a frozen shoulder, the patient will get aches in one of the shoulders. He may also get pain in the shoulder muscle which wraps the top of the arm. Such pain worsens during night time and winters.

Different stages of frozen shoulder

Typically there are 3 stages of frozen shoulder, and each of them has its symptoms.

Freezing stage:

  • Development of shoulder pain (sometimes severe) while moving your shoulder.
  • Gradually this pain may become severe, especially during nighttime.
  • Such pain can last between 6-9 months.
  • Your shoulder movement will get limitations.

Frozen Stage

  • You may get relief from pain, but stiffness will increase
  • Shoulder movement will become difficult, and it will affect your daily chores.
  • This stage may last for 4-12 months.

Thawing Stage

  • Your shoulder movement will get back to normal.
  • This may take 6-12 months.

Causes of Frozen Shoulder

Scientifically, it is not very clear why some people develop a frozen shoulder. 

However here are some common causes of Frozen Shoulder: 

  • Age: The age group of 40-60 years is at a higher risk of frozen shoulder.
  • Medical Conditions: Patients, who are recovering from severe disease like stroke, may get frozen shoulders.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes can cause adhesive capsulitis. Around 10-20% of diabetic patients are bound to suffer from this at some point in theri life.
  • Other Causes: Other diseases like heart, thyroid can also cause frozen shoulders.

When To See A Doctor For Frozen Shoulder?

If you are experiencing unexplained shoulder pain on the uppermost sides, it’s always better to consult a doctor immediately. The doctor can figure out the exact cause of pain and prescribe some medications or exercise in case of frozen shoulder.

Diagnosis of frozen shoulder

The primary step is a complete physical examination of your shoulder by a qualified doctor. 

Then only if necessary he may perform MRI and X-ray to know the potential cause of the painful shoulder or its limited range of motion.

Treatment of frozen shoulder

There are a wide array of treatments available for frozen shoulder, let’s know about them in detail:

Physical Therapy

The main aim of this treatment is to increase shoulder movement and decrease pain. Usually, physical therapy is suggested by doctors to improve shoulder motion. The therapist will gradually move the patient’s arm to stretch the capsule. He will also suggest some exercises for shoulder mobility.

Your physician may recommend some anti-inflammatory medications to give you relief from pain after therapy or maybe to get a good night’s sleep.


Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter pills like asprin to reduce the shoulder pain. Sometimes he may give you higher doses of anti-inflammatory drugs.

Surgical and other procedures

Steroid injections: In early-stage your doctor may inject corticosteroids to improve shoulder movement and decrease pain.

Joint distension: Injection of sterile water in joints can help in stretching the tissue to relieve pain.

Surgery: In frozen shoulder surgery is very rarely done. But if you haven’t got relief from this problem for a longer duration, the doctor may remove the scars tissues from the shoulder through surgery.

The Timeline For Complete Rehabilitation

Your therapy sessions will vary from 1-6 weeks. You need to visit for therapy once or thrice a week as the physician recommends. 

Along with this, you must participate in the home exercise as directed. As mentioned earlier, you must do the stretching exercise either once or twice a day. 

You will get rid of this problem with time and by sticking with the exercise schedule prescribed. 

It may take 6-9 months for some patients to get relief from the frozen shoulder, while for others; it may take only a few months.

How Do Alternative Therapies Treat Frozen Shoulder?

Alternative therapies have shown exceptional results for frozen shoulder. These therapies rely on natural elements to help the body heal.

Homeopathy treatment of frozen shoulder

Rhus Toxicodendron: This is a top grade medicine which is suitable for long-standing case of shoulder stiffness. It is made from fresh leaves of plant which belongs to Anacardiaceae family.

Apart from this Sanguinaria Canadensis and Ferrum Metallicum are usually taken for the pain in right side and left side shoulder respectively.

Ayurvedic treatment for frozen shoulder

A general line of treatment is recommended in Ayurveda for frozen shoulders. This includes:
Snehana: This is all about application of ghee, or herbal oil to expel the pain out from the body.
Swedana: In this hot and moist substance is applied on the body to relieve pain.
Basti: This is a bowel cleaning technique.

Along with the above treatments, Ayurveda also recommends some healthy diet (ahar) and changes in lifestyle to control the condition.

Risk Factors Associated With Frozen Shoulder

Certain factors can enhance the chances of frozen shoulder 

Age and sex: Usually, women above 40 years old are more likely to develop frozen shoulder. 

Limited shoulder mobility: People with prolonged reduced shoulder mobility are more likely to have this problem. Such immobility may be due to surgery, a broken arm, or a stroke. 

Systemic disease: People who have a certain type of disease like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, tuberculosis, Parkinson’s disease are more likely to get frozen shoulders.

When is surgery required?

Even after taking regular therapy sessions and following the guidelines at home, your doctor may suggest surgery if you are not getting enough relief. 

Surgery involves giving local anesthesia to the patient, and the physician will break the scar present in the capsule.

 Sometimes arthroscopy is used to cut the adhesion directly. The arthroscope is a small instrument containing a small camera placed in the shoulder by making an incision. 

Even after surgery, physical exercise is necessary for the patient. Usually the recovery time varies from 6 weeks to 3 months.

Preventive Care For Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder may happen because of shoulder immobility because of any injury, broken arm, or stroke. If you cannot make a shoulder movement due to injury, you can consult your doctor for some exercise to improve the movement.


Doing regular exercise and taking prescribed medications will surely give you relief from frozen shoulder pain. Frozen shoulder, if left untreated, will continue to get better on its own, but in that case the recovery time will be around two years.

The 2022 Arthritis Guide – Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

Joint Pain by Perfect Health Magazine

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Guide To Arthritis

  • Arthritis is the inflammation or degeneration of the joints. 
  • There are more than 200 types of joint conditions that fall broadly under the category of arthritis. 
  • Joint pain, decreased range of motion, swelling, stiffness and tenderness are some of the common arthritic symptoms. 
  • Arthritis is a chronic disease which means it can only be managed and not cured completely. 
  • Healthy lifestyle, medication, physical therapy and surgery are some ways of treating arthritis.

Arthritis is a joint pain condition that affects millions of people globally. In the USA alone, 54.4 million residents suffer from arthritis. This article is an exhaustive guide to all things arthritis. 

You will find: 

  • Overview of Arthritis
  • Type of Arthritis
  • Symptoms of Arthritis 
  • Arthritis Treatments 
  • Alternative Arthritis Treatments 
  • Causes of Arthritis

What Is Arthritis? - An Overview

Arthritis is one of the most common joint pain disorders globally. Arthritis is a medical condition associated with chronic inflammation or degeneration of the joints causing joint pain to the patient. It is a common term that describes 200 types of conditions that are related to the joints and the connective tissues around them. 

Most of the times arthritis is found in the knees, hips, lower back, feet and hands. 

Approximately 180 million Indians are affected by arthritis and around 14% of the Indian population seeks medical treatment for joint diseases every year. In the United States, 54.4 million adults suffer from some form of arthritis.

What Are The Different Types Of Arthritis?

While arthritis is an umbrella term, there are many sub-categories or types of arthritis. Following are some of the most common ones:

Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder wherein the immune system of the patient attacks its own body tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of chronic disorder that affects more than the joints. This type of arthritis leads to painful swelling around the lining of the joints which may eventually lead to bone erosion and deformity.


Amongst the different types of arthritis, Osteoarthritis is the most commonly occurring condition. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage around the joints starts wearing out and deteriorating. It is also known as a “wear and tear” disorder which can be managed with medical treatments and exercise.

Psoriatic arthritis:

Patients who are suffering from psoriasis are susceptible to psoriatic arthritis. Psoriasis is a skin disease where the patient has red patches of skin with silvery scales. Psoriatic arthritis is incurable but manageable with medical treatments.


Unnaturally high levels of uric acid in the blood, lead to the formation of urate crystals which develop into severe bouts of joint pain and swelling of the joints. Gout is a complex type of arthritis that is not easy to treat and chronic in nature.

Reactive Arthritis:

This is a fairly uncommon type of arthritis according to the research done by the Perfect Health Magazine team. Reactive arthritis occurs when there is an infection in some part of the body typically the intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis is accompanied by swelling of the joints and pain in mobility. Reactive arthritis does not last forever and recedes once the infection is treated.

Ankylosing spondylitis:

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that affects the spinal cord of the body. Ankylosing spondylitis leads to inflammation in the joints near the spinal cord. The hip, shoulder, lower back, the cartilage near the breastbone and ribs are highly affected in this type of arthritis.

What Are The Symptoms Of Arthritis?

Depending on the type of arthritis the symptoms of arthritis will vary. However, some symptoms are common and generally affect all arthritis patients. 

Symptoms of Arthritis:

  1. Stiffness in the joints
  2. Swelling of the joints
  3. Increased tenderness or sensitivity of the joints
  4. Redness in the area affected
  5. Mild to severe joint pain 
  6. The joints are warm to the touch 
  7. Mild to severe limitations in joint mobility

What Are The Causes Of Arthritis?

Causes of arthritis differ based on the type of arthritis for example gout is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. But there are some causes that may be seen as common causes in all or most types of arthritis such as: 

  1. Ageing – causes a lot of wear and tear to the joints. 
  2. Heredity – family history of arthritis is seen as a major cause.
  3. Health – obesity, sedentary lifestyle or other such health factors can cause arthritis.
  4. Genetic imbalances – autoimmune disorders can cause arthritis.

How Is Arthritis Diagnosed?

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of arthritis visit a general physician immediately for a detailed and correct diagnosis of your medical condition. 

Arthritis is diagnosed through a physical examination where the doctor can observe and check the swelling of the joints, redness, stiffness and pain. 

For a better and accurate diagnosis, the doctor may recommend blood and urine tests. In some cases, imaging may also be prescribed for understanding the intensity of arthritis.

Treatment of Arthritis

Arthritis in itself is an incurable medical condition. It is a chronic medical condition that can be managed with the right medication and other forms of treatment.

Perfect Health Magazine will now share the different treatment avenues for arthritis:


The main aim of arthritis medication is pain management, strengthening the joints and letting the patient live their lives as normally as possible. With this in mind, doctors prescribe NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) which deliver pain relief to the patients. Reduction of inflammation and regaining mobility is achieved through medication. 

In the case of rheumatoid arthritis or psoriatic arthritis, doctors may recommend biologics, which target the immune system’s inflammatory response. 

Painkillers are commonly prescribed as SOS medications in case of bouts of severe pain or swelling. 

Ointments and creams for external application are also a popular choice for reducing swelling and stiffness.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy for arthritis is one of the best forms of treatment. Professional physio therapists can assist in the rehabilitation of joint pain. Physical therapy using modern technology and correct exercises can increase the strength of the joints, improve mobility and reduce pain organically for the patient.


If arthritis has advanced beyond pain management, the doctor may suggest surgery such as joint replacement surgery or hip replacement surgery. These surgeries give a new lease of life to the long-suffering patient who can retain physical mobility and have renewed strength.

Healthy Diet and Lifestyle

Controlling obesity and having an active lifestyle is extremely important for people with chronic arthritis. Calcium supplements, including turmeric and milk in your diet, are some other key factors that can positively impact the life of a person with arthritis. Exercise, stretching and practices that improve joint mobility should be regularly done by arthritis patients for a good quality of life.

What Are Alternative Treatments For Arthritis?

Eastern medicine and wisdom can definitely play a big role in managing arthritis for patients all over the globe. Yoga and Ayurveda from India while acupuncture and Tai Chi from China are best known alternative treatments for arthritis. 

Ayurvedic remedies include different “Rasayanas” or “Kadhas” (herbal potions) that naturally enrich the body with anti-inflammatory ingredients. These potions have a generous number of ingredients that increase Vitamin C in the body. Vitamin C is essential to combat skeletal pain which is a common symptom of arthritis. 

Yogasanas when learnt under the right Guru can resolve a lot of joint pain issues. They increase the flexibility and core strength of the patient. Regular Yoga practices have worked wonders on arthritis patients. 

Acupuncture – a Chinese practice that is approximately 2000 years old, can help in pain management for arthritis. Research shows that acupuncture needles when placed at the right locations can trigger neurotransmitters and increase the production of hormones such as cortisol (anti-inflammatory hormone). It gives pain relief and increases joint mobility. Although western science doesn’t recognize acupuncture, it has proven to be a boon for patients with arthritis. 

Tai Chi is a Chinese form of mixed martial art and meditation that demands focus from the practitioner. Tai Chi increases joint mobility and calms the mind of the doer. It is effective for arthritis.

Arthritis is a chronic medical condition with more than 200 sub-types. Joint pain and swelling are broadly seen in any type of arthritis. Patients of arthritis need to have a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise, a positive frame of mind and good medical advice to preserve and maintain the health of their joints.

8 Joint Pain Truths That You Must Read

Joint Pain blog by Perfect Health Magazine

Quick 30 Seconds Summary of Joint Pain

  • Joint pain is a commonly found type of pain internationally. 
  • Joint pain is seen in the knee joints, hip joints, wrist joints, ankle joints, shoulders and back. 
  • The symptoms of joint pain include stiffness, swelling, limitation to the range of motion and soreness. 
  • Arthritis, Spondyloarthritis, Gout and some other disorders lead to chronic joint pain. 
  • Accidents, injury, trauma and even depression can cause joint pain. 
  • Medication, physical therapy, rehabilitation and in certain cases surgery can resolve and control joint pain. 
  • Pain management and relief are key aspects of treating joint pain.

Joint pain is one of the most common health complaints across the globe. Joints are an essential component of the body and hence joint pain can be a cause of concern for anyone from youngsters to the elderly. 

The joint is the connection between bones. Joints allow smooth movement and enhance the strength and mobility of the human body. When there is joint pain, mobility is hampered and one may also observe low strength in the area of the joints. 

In this article, we will cover – 

  • What is Joint Pain? 
  • What are the Causes of Joint Pain? 
  • How Is Joint Pain Diagnosed
  • Symptoms of Joint Pain 
  • Joint Pain Treatment 
  • Alternative Therapies to Joint Pain
  • When To Call Your Doctor
  • Conclusion

What is Joint Pain?

Joints are the connectors between bones that make movement fluid and effortless. Joints are actually of three types – 

  • Fibrous joints 
  • Cartilaginous joints
  • Synovial joints

Each of these joints has different functions in the human body and perform an essential role. Some joints that are common knowledge are knee joints, wrist joints and shoulder joints. Other joints include joints in the teeth, the ones connecting the pubic bones and the joints that connect the sockets in the jaw.

Joint pain is any type of discomfort, stress, pain, aches and soreness in the joints. While joint pain is a common medical issue faced by everyone at some point in their lives, the severity, causes and time of pain differ from case to case.

What Are The Causes Of Joint Pain?

The causes of joint pain are varied and determine the course of treatment.


One of the biggest causes of chronic joint pain is arthritis. Arthritis is a medical condition where the joints in the human body become inflamed, stiff and swollen causing severe joint pain to the person. This condition limits the range of motion of the patient and they experience limitations in mobility and joint strength. 

Arthritis is classified into different sub-categories such as: 

  1. Osteoarthritis
  2. Gout
  3. Pseudogout
  4. Septic Arthritis
  5. Viral Arthritis
  6. Rheumatoid Arthritis
  7. Spondylarthritis

In all of these cases, the patient suffers from chronic joint pain that gets worse with age.


Accidents, sports-related injuries and other routine sprains and discomforts can cause injuries and joint pain. When broken bones are healing they cause a lot of joint pain.

Viral Infections

Viral infections, fevers caused by diseases such as malaria, dengue, COVID-19 and others result in weakness and severe joint pain as the body recovers slowly through these viral attacks.


Tendons are the bands that bond the bones and muscles together. Tendinitis is typically the inflammation of the tendons (in the elbow, shoulder and knees) that causes joint pain.


At first, this may seem shocking and unbelievable, but according to the research team of Perfect Health Magazine, depression can cause joint pain. The human mind starts manifesting pains and aches in the joints as part of the depression.

How Is Joint Pain Diagnosed?

Physical examination generally tends to be enough to diagnose joint pain. However in case of chronic joint pain X-rays, lab tests and other scans may be necessary.

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The Symptoms Of Joint Pain

  • Stiffness in the joints
  • Loss or limitation in the range of motion of affected joints
  • Joint swelling 
  • Tenderness in joints
  • Joint redness
  • Joint inflammation and irritation
  • Limping
  • Joint warmth
  • Fatigue

If you have any of the above symptoms, Perfect Health Magazine recommends getting in touch with a physician and moving forward with the right treatment for your case.

Joint Pains Treatments

There are a variety of joint pain treatments depending on the severity of the pain, the duration and the causes that have led to it. Your physician is the right person to provide you with the solution that is perfect for your health. 

That being said, here are the general treatments followed for treating joint pain:

Topical treatments

Joint pain relief gels, ointments and topical treatment oils are easily available in the market. These should be applied from time to time on the affected area and you will feel the pain easing out slowly. When the joint pain isn’t severe or related directly to arthritis topical treatments come in handy and are most effective.


The doctor may prescribe oral Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) for relief from joint pain. Other medications include duloxetine, ibuprofen which alleviate joint pain over a course of time. In some cases the physician may prescribe steroid joint injections and hyaluronic acid injections for eliminating joint pain issues.

Physical Therapy

One of the pillars of treating serious joint pain or recovery from injury or trauma is physical therapy. A qualified physiotherapist will teach joint pain patients exercises, stretches and may also ask the patients to undergo other physical therapy treatments for curing joint pain or joint pain management.

Self Care/ Home Remedies

Changes to your lifestyle, staying fit, regularly exercising and consuming the right type of food is key to treating joint pain. A physically active and healthy lifestyle can help in improving joint mobility and strength for a long duration of time.


When joint pain is long lasting, severe and is limiting the patient’s daily activities or putting major stress on other organs in the body, then a surgery may be the way to go. Joint replacement surgeries are performed by qualified surgeons which give a new lease of life to patients.

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What Are Alternative Therapies For Joint Pain?

There are a variety of options available for joint pain in alternative therapies. Acupuncture and massage with essential oils has shown amazing results for joint pain. 

Ayurvedic herbal supplements and oils are another incredible therapeutic option which can strengthen the joints and increase their range of motion.

When To Call Your Doctor

If your joint pain symptoms are severe accompanied by tenderness, swelling, unexpected and unexplained inflammation etc. get in touch with your doctor immediately.

Joint pain generally tends to be common issue which may not lead to serious health issues. However one must always remember if joint pain is caused to arthritis then it could be chronic and needs to be treated accordingly. At Perfect Health Magazine, we advise you to discuss your medical condition with a qualified physician and follow the given course of treatment for best results.